Количество страниц: 4 с.
The geomagnetic manifestation of sudden impulse (SI) caused by a sharp decrease of the solar wind dynamic pressure due to the plasma density reduction is considered. The observational data of the magnetometer world network have been analysed. The propagation velocities of the SI signal in the meridional direction by using data of the horizontal component of geomagnetic field in the high-latitude region have been calculated. It is found that at a sharp decrease of the solar wind density the meridional propagation of the SI signal is in the northern direction. In this case, on the day side the propagation velocity is constant but there is a tendency of its increasing in the MLT morning sector. It has been established that the meridional propagation velocity of the SI signal at a sharp decrease of the solar wind density depends on the geomagnetic latitude, i.e. with the rise of latitude the velocity in the auroral zone decreases and in the polar cap it increases.
High-latitude peculiarities of the geomagnetic SI impulse propagation meridional velocity during sharp decrease of solar wind density / G. A. Makarov, D. G. Baishev, A. V. Moiseyev, S. I. Solovyev, V. A. Pilipenko, M. J. Engebretson, K. Yumoto // Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Substorms : 16-20 May 2000 Congress Centre of the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia. − Noordwijk, Netherlands : European Space Agency, 2000. − P. 523-526.
Количество страниц: 3 с.
The Jupiter is a powerful regular source of high-energy electrons (0,2-40 MeV). In this connection their density in the near-Earth space systematically increases with a period of 399 days, which is coincident with the synodic period of Jupiter. According to our estimations, their energy is sufficient to produce a significant local reduction of the magnetic field in the IMF sector connected with the Jupiter. In this paper the evidence is presented that the electron fluxes in the Jovian sector are controlled by the general magnetic field of the Sun. A treatment of 399-day intervals of the electron fluxes and IMF, obtained from spacecraft data for the period of 1963 to 2000 has been performed by superposed epoch technique taking into account the periodic change of the solar magnetic field polarity. Having adopted the Jupiter opposition day to be an epoch zero, the changes in particle intensity and IMF components under different signs of the general magnetic field of the Sun are found by using a large dataset (9925 days). The times of 399-day variation maxima in different periods of solar activity are compared and a character of their displacement relative to Jupiter opposition momentsis discussed.
Skryabin, N. G. Influence of a change in solar magnetic field polarity on the Jovian electron flux intensity / N. G. Skryabin, S. N. Samsonov, I. Ya. Plotnikov // Physics of auroral phenomena : proceedings of the 26th annual seminar, 25 - 28 February 2003. – 2003. – P. 159-161.
Количество страниц: 4 с.
The spatial-temporal distribution of westward electrojets in the northern hemisphere has been investigated using geomagnetic ground observation data for November 9-10, 2004 geomagnetic storm. It is shown that the location of the maximum westward electrojet depends on the IMF orientation. It is in the evening or morning sector when Bγ0. With the increase of positive IMF Bγ, the region of intensity maximum shifts to morning hours. Thus, the azimuthal IMF component not only controls the pattern of magnetospheric convection, but also affects the longitudinal location of the westward electrojet pattern during the magnetic storm.
Influence of IMF by on the location of western electrojets during the magnetic storm on Nov. 9-10, 2004 / R. N. Boroev, A. Du, S. I. Solovyev, W.-Y. Xu, G.-X. Chen, V. A. Velichko // Physics of auroral phenomena : proceedings of the 29th annual seminar, Apatity, 27 February–3 March 2006. – 2007. – P. 21-24.
Количество страниц: 4 с.
Galactic cosmic ray (GCR) diffusion in interplanetary space depends in a certain way on the degree of regularity of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF). The sector IMF structure is manifested in inhomogeneous GCR distribution in the heliosphere. In parallel with the usual sectors associated with solar activity, one should take into account the sectors, which are caused by the Jupiter activity. It is known that the Jupiter is a powerful regular source of high-energy electrons (0.2-40 MeV), the density of which, on the average, is many times higher than that of solar cosmic rays. The high-energy electrons are systematically registed with the 399-day period in the near-Earth space. According to estimations of the particle energy density their flux is sufficient to decrease the magnetic field in the Jovian sector and can due to corresponding large-scale inhomogeneity in the GKL distribution. Hereby, we present the evidences that the GCR diffusion is noticeably stronger in the sector where there are Jovian electrons. By data on periodic passage of those sectors near the Earth, we have treated neutron monitor data using the superposed epoch technique. The day of the Earth and Jupiter opposition is taken as a zero epoch. At large statistical data (9925 days) it is found that the GCR intensity in that period increases with an amplitude near 1%. The groud effect is manifested with the period of 399 days and its maximum time is in a certain way shifted relative to the planet opposite moment.
Skryabin, N. G. Influence of Jupiter on cosmic ray intensity variations / N. G. Skryabin, S. N. Samsonov, I. Ya. Plotnikov // Physics of auroral phenomena : proceedings of the 25th annual seminar, Apatity, 26 February – 1 March 2002. – 2002. – P. 137-139.
Исследование тензорной анизотропии космических лучей во время крупномасштабных возмущений солнечного ветра
Количество страниц: 5 с.
Впервые произведено разложение наблюдаемой анизотропии космических лучей на зональные гармоники и компоненты векторной и тензорной анизотропии. Рассмотрены события форбуш-понижений космических лучей, произошедших в ноябре 2001 г и ноябре 2004 г. Показано, что в начале форбуш-понижения преобладает конвекционный ток космических лучей, направленный от Солнца, а в период восстановления интенсивности - диффузионный ток частиц вдоль межпланетного магнитного поля в сторону Солнца. На фазах спада интенсивности космических лучей наблюдается кратковременное уменьшение величины второй зональной гармоники, которое совпадает с резкими скачками напряженности межпланетного магнитного поля и скорости солнечного ветра. Во время прохождения крупномасштабных возмущений солнечного ветра тензорная анизотропия ведет себя сложным образом, для объяснения ее поведения требуется дальнейшее детальное исследование.
The observable anisotropy of cosmic rays has first been decomposed into zonal harmonics and components of vector and tensor anisotropy. We examine Forbush decreases in cosmic rays that occurred in November 2001 and November 2004. It is shown that at the beginning of a Forbush decrease an antisunward convective current of cosmic rays predominates; and during the recovery phase, a sunward diffusive current of particles along the interplanetary magnetic field dominates. During the phase of intensity drop, short-time decreases in the second zonal harmonic take place. These decreases occur with abrupt changes of the interplanetary magnetic field intensity and solar wind speed. During the passage of large-scale solar wind disturbances, the tensor anisotropy behaves in a complicated way. To explain its behavior, a further detailed investigation is required.
Investigating tensor anisotropy of cosmic rays during large-scale solar wind disturbances = Исследование тензорной анизотропии космических лучей во время крупномасштабных возмущений солнечного ветра / P. Yu. Gololobov, P. A. Krivoshapkin, G. F. Krymsky, V. G. Grigoryev, S. K. Gerasimova // Солнечно-земная физика = Solar-Terrestrial Physics. – 2017, т. 3, N 2 : 13-я российско-китайская конференция по космической погоде. – С. 22-26.
Издательство: [s. n.]
Год издания: 1988
Количество страниц: 14 с.
The influence of continious CO2-laser processing on structure, composition and microhadness of plasma sprayed Ni-Cr-Si-B, Fe-C-Cr-V, Ni-Al coatings was studied. The change of chemical and phase compositions of the coatings compared with the initial sprayed ones due to alloying with elements of substrate, depending on the processing operation (input power) was determined. Laser processing of plasma sprayed coatings allows to improve substantially their adhesion and in combination with high speed cooling, gives the possibility to regulate the processes of structure formation, dispersion, phase formation, and hence, the properties of forming coatings by means of processing operation.
Laser processing of plasma sprayed coatings / Dr. V. P. Larionov, Cand. N. P. Bolotina, Eng. T. V. Argunova, Cand. V. D. Tyunin, Eng. M. P. Lebedev. — [S. l. : s. n.], 1988. — 6 c.
Количество страниц: 4 с.
By using data treatment results of mid-latitude geomagnetic variations, the significant increase of the local current system intensity with the eastern direction current system, arising near the meridian of expected substorm center ~10-30 min before the break-up onset, has been found. A comparison of longitudinal sizes of two current system, forming the substorm disturbance before and after the onset of the substorm expansion phase, has been carried out. The longitudinal size of the current loop of the substorm growth phase is nearly twice as small as azimuth scale of the substorm current wedge, and the current strength is as week as 2.7-12 times.
Boroyev, R. N. Local increase of field-aligned current intensity before a substorm onset / R. N. Boroyev, V. A. Velichko, D. G. Baishev // Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Substorms : 16-20 May 2000 Congress Centre of the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia. − Noordwijk, Netherlands : European Space Agency, 2000. − P. 279-282.
Количество страниц: 1 с.
MAGDAS-9 magnetometers observations of strong earthquakes : [тезисы докладов] / Baishev D. G., Moiseev A.V., Bondar E. D., Kobyakova S. E., Yumoto K. // 10th International conference "Problems of geocosmos", St. Petersburg, Petrodvorets, October 6-10, 2014. – St. Petersburg : [s. n.], 2014. – P. 106.
Количество страниц: 4 с.
Analysis of the global magnetosphere-ionosphere response to solar wind dynamic pressure variations under the negative IMF Bz has been performed. It is shown that an increase in the dynamic pressure leads to a double response of the ionospheric currents and aurora, i.e. simultaneously (within the accuracy of 1 min) and ~5-7 min afterward. Thereby, the eastward and westward convective electrojets are enhanced in the evening and morning sectors respectively, followed by the intensification of the westward current in the near midnight and evening sectors. The intensification of the electrojets is followed by extension of the diffuse precipitation zone and its high latitude boundary movement to the pole and to the east in the midnight-to-morning sector. In our case, no poleward or westward extension of aurora before midnight is observed. The disturbance triggered by a dynamic pressure increase may be considered as a convection disturbance associated with reconstruction of the DP2 current system.
Magnetosphere-ionosphere response to magnetosphere compression by the solar wind / S. I. Solovyev, A. V. Moiseyev, K. Yumoto, M. Engebretson // Physics of auroral phenomena : proceedings of the 26th annual seminar, 25 - 28 February 2003. – 2003. – P. 41-44.
Количество страниц: 2 с.
Magnetospheric-ionospheric response to variations in the solar wind dynamic pressure during positive IMF Bz and a sharp change of IMF By direction : [тезисы докладов] / S. I. Solovyev, A. V. Moiseyev, K. Yumoto, M. Engebretson, A. Du // Physics of auroral phenomena : 29th annual seminar, 27 February – 3 March 2006 : abstracts. – 2006. – P. 36.